Question # 393: Assalaamualaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuhu. Is there an authentic hadith which mentions that Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) often recited ‘Rabbana atina fiddunya…dua in sujood?
bismi-llahi r-raḥmani r-raḥīm,
Assalamu ‘laikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh,
All praise and thanks are due to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم).
First of all, we implore Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) to help us serve His cause and render our work for His sake.
Shorter Answer: The following du’aas (supplications) have been authenticated reported from the Sunnah of Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم):
1. How perfect my Lord is, The Most High. (three times)
سُبْـحانَ رَبِّـيَ الأَعْلـى . (ثلاثاً )
2. How perfect You are O Allah, our Lord, and I praise You. O Allah, forgive me.
سُبْـحانَكَ اللّهُـمَّ رَبَّـنا وَبِحَـمْدِكَ ، اللّهُـمَّ اغْفِرْ لي
3. Perfect and Holy (He is), Lord of the angles, and the Rooh (i.e. Jibra-eel).
سُبـّوحٌ قُـدّوس، رَبُّ الملائِكَـةِ وَالـرُّوح
4. Allah, unto You I have prostrated and in You I have believed, and unto You I have submitted. My face has prostrated before He Who created it and fashioned it and brought forth its faculties of hearing and seeing. Blessed is Allah, the Best of creators.
اللّهُـمَّ لَكَ سَـجَدْتُ وَبِـكَ آمَنْـت ، وَلَكَ أَسْلَـمْت ، سَجَـدَ وَجْهـي للَّـذي خَلَقَـهُ وَصَـوَّرَهُ وَشَقَّ سَمْـعَـهُ وَبَصَـرَه ، تَبـارَكَ اللهُ أَحْسـنُ الخـالِقيـن
5. How perfect He is, The Possessor of total power, sovereignty, magnificence, and grandeur.
سُبْـحانَ ذي الْجَبَـروت ، والمَلَكـوت ، والكِبْـرِياء ، وَالعَظَمَـه
6. Allah, forgive me all of my sins, the small and great of them, the first and last of them, and the seen and hidden of them.
اللّهُـمَّ اغْفِـرْ لي ذَنْـبي كُلَّـه ، دِقَّـهُ وَجِلَّـه ، وَأَوَّلَـهُ وَآخِـرَه وَعَلانِيَّتَـهُ وَسِـرَّه
7. Allah, I take refuge within Your pleasure from Your displeasure and within Your pardon from Your punishment, and I take refuge in You from You. I cannot enumerate Your praise, You are as You have praised Yourself.
اللّهُـمَّ إِنِّـي أَعـوذُ بِرِضـاكَ مِنْ سَخَطِـك ، وَبِمعـافاتِـكَ مِنْ عُقوبَـتِك ، وَأَعـوذُ بِكَ مِنْـك ، لا أُحْصـي ثَنـاءً عَلَـيْك ، أَنْـتَ كَمـا أَثْنَـيْتَ عَلـى نَفْسـِك
Please also refer to Question # 371: Reciting Quran in Ruku (Bowing) and Sujood (Prostration)
Long Answer: Hadith reference for the above-mentioned du’aas:
1. Abu Dawud, At· Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, An-Nasa’i and Ahmad
It was narrated that Hudhaifah said: “I prayed with the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و سلم), and he bowed and said when bowing: ‘Subhana Rabbial-azim (Glory be to my Lord Almighty).’ And when prostrating: ‘Subhana Rabbial-‘Ala (Glory be to my Lord Most High).'” (Sunan an-Nasa’i)
2. Al-Bukhari and Muslim
‘Aishah reported: The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) used to recite frequently in his bowing and prostration: “Subhanak- Allahumma, Rabbana wa bihamdika. Allahum-maghfir li (O Allah! You are free from imperfection and I begin with praising You. Forgive my sins).” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) used to recite in his bowing and prostration: “Subbuhun Quddusun, Rabbul-mala’ikati war-ruh (You are the Most Glorious. The Most Holy. You the Rabb of the angels and of Jibril)” (Muslim)
4. Muslim and others
It was narrated from Jabir bin ‘Abdullah that: The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) used to say when prostrating: “Allahumma laka sajadtu wa laka aslamtu wa anta Rabbi, sajada wajhi lilladhi khalaqahu wa sawwarahu wa shaqqa sam’ahu wa basarahu, tabarak Allahu ahsanul-khaliqin ( O Allah, to You I have prostrated and in You I have believed and to You I have submitted, and You are my Lord. My face has prostrated to the One Who created it and formed it and brought forth its hearing and sight. Blessed be Allah the best of Creators.)” (Sunan an-Nasa’i)
5. Abu Dawud, An-Nasa’i, and Ahmad with a chain that is hasan
‘Awf bin Malik said: “I prayed Qiyam with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم). He started by using the Siwak and performing wudu, then he stood and prayed. He started reciting Al-Baqarah and he did not come to any verse that spoke of mercy but he paused and asked for mercy, and he did not come to any verse that spoke of punishment but he paused (and sought refuge with Allah from that). Then he bowed and he stayed bowing for as long as he had stood, and he said while bowing: ‘Subhanaka Dhil-jabaraut wal-malakut wal-kibriya’ wal-‘azamah (Glory be to the One Who has all power, sovereignty, magnificence, and might.)’ Then he prostrated for as long as he had bowed, saying while prostrating: ‘Subhana Dhil-jabarut wal-malakut wal-kibriya’ wal-‘azamah (Glory be to the One Who has all power, sovereignty, magnificence, and might.)’ Then he recited Al Imran, then another surah and another, doing that each time.” (Sunan an-Nasa’i)
Abu Hurairah reported: The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) used to say in his prostration: Allahum-maghfir li dhanbi kullahu: diqqahu wa jillahu, wa ‘awwalahu wa akhirahu, wa alaniyatahu wa sirrahu (O Allah! Forgive all my sins, the small and the great, first and the last, the open and the secret). (Muslim)
‘A’isha reported: One night I missed Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) from the bed, and when I sought him my hand touched the soles of his feet while he was in the state of prostration; they (feet) were raised and he was saying: “Allahumma inni a’udhu biridaka min sakhatika, wa bi-mu’afatika min ‘uqubatika, wa a’udhu bika minka, la uhsi thana’an ‘alaika, Anta kama athnaita ‘ala Nafsika (O Allah, I seek refuge in Thy pleasure from Thy anger, and in Thy forgiveness from Thy punishment, and I seek refuge in Thee from Thee (Thy anger). I cannot reckon Thy praise. Thou art as Thou hast lauded Thyself)” (Muslim)
(The above supplications are mentioned in ‘Fortification of the Muslim through remembrance and supplication from the Qur’an and Sunnah’ compiled and referenced by Sa’eed Ibn ‘Ali Ibn Wahf Al -Qahtaani)
Allahu A’lam (Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) knows best) and all Perfections belong to Allah, and all mistakes belong to me alone. May Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) forgive me, Ameen.