Author: Abu Zeenat Afdal

Question # 191: Daughter from wife’s previous marriage (Mahram/non-Mahram)

Question # 191: Is the daughter from my wife’s previous marriage non-mahram to me? Bismi-llahi r-raḥmani r-raḥīm, Assalamu ‘laikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh, All praise and thanks are due to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم). Dear questioner, First of all, we implore Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) to help us serve His cause and render our work for His sake. Shorter Answer: The daughter of one’s wife from previous marriage is mahram (forbidden for marriage) for the husband only after the consummation of marriage. Hence, she does not have to wear hijab in front of her mother’s husband, even if no relationship is established through breastfeeding (al-radaa’). However, if the husband simply makes a marriage contract with the wife, but did not consummate the marriage, then such daughter is not a mahram. Long Answer: The women who become mahrams through marriage (al-mahaarim bi’l-musaaharah) are of four types: Women married by one’s father (i.e., father’s wife and also grandfathers’ wives). Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) says in the Qur’an: “And marry not women whom your fathers married” (an-Nisaa’, 4:22) One’s wife’s mother or grandmother: “Forbidden to you (for marriage) are… your wives’ mothers…” (an-Nisaa’, 4:23) One’s stepdaughter (a wife’s daughter by a previous husband). The stepdaughter is not a mahram unless the man has consummated the marriage with her mother. If he simply made...

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Question # 190: Divorce without utterance of Talaaq

Question # 190: What is the process for remarrying my husband my iddah period is nowhere over, he never said the talaq 3 times we just both agreed to divorce? Bismi-llahi r-raḥmani r-raḥīm, Assalamu ‘laikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh, All praise and thanks are due to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم). Dear questioner, First of all, we implore Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) to help us serve His cause and render our work for His sake. Shorter Answer: Divorces are of two types: explicit and implicit. Explicit divorce is the use of the word “talaaq” (divorce) and  phrases derived from it, while in case of implicit divorce, the word divorce is not uttered but expressed in some way that takes the place of speech. In such case, no divorce takes place unless there was intention of divorce or there are circumstantial evidence to that effect. The case under consideration seems to be of implicit divorce with intention. Therefore, presumably, if this is the first talaaq and ‘iddah has not ended as yet, then the husband can take his wife back by saying, “I am taking you back” or “I am keeping you” or he may do some action intending thereby to take her back. Then his taking her back is valid. Long Answer: Divorces are of two types: explicit and...

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Question # 189: Wife traveling abroad for job (alone) to help husband financially

Question # 189: Can a women go abroad to work and help her husband to reduce the debt!! leaving her two daughter, son and husband for 6 months? Is it right and permissible?? Bismi-llahi r-raḥmani r-raḥīm, Assalamu ‘laikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh, All praise and thanks are due to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم). Dear questioner, First of all, we implore Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) to help us serve His cause and render our work for His sake. Shorter Answer: A woman is not allowed to leave her home town or city and travel a distance that entitles her to shortening the salah, unless she is accompanied by a Mahram who can protect and serve her. Secondly, Islam encourages women to fulfill the important role of home makers; however, there may be legitimate needs for many women to work (within their vicinity). One of these needs may be that married women are required to help their husbands. However, under such circumstances, it is important that women do not sacrifice the values of Islam for work. The woman who chooses to work outdoors should always be cognizant of Islamic ethics regarding gender interactions, and the preservation of modesty, and should never fail to uphold them. And at the same time, should not fall short from discharging their responsibilities towards their...

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Question # 188: No masjid to pray except those of innovators

Question # 188: As you said in your post (Question # 186) “that praying in Barelwi mosque is invalid.” So my question to you is that in my city there are all around barelwi mosques and the Deobandi mosque is few miles away so should I offer salah at my home or what should I do? Bismi-llahi r-raḥmani r-raḥīm, Assalamu ‘laikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh, All praise and thanks are due to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم). Dear questioner, First of all, we implore Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) to help us serve His cause and render our work for His sake. Shorter Answer: If one is able to avoid praying behind an innovator without causing greater harm, he should do so, as a protection for the Sunnah and to show disapproval to the innovator and in general. If that is not relatively easy, due to an inability to keep away from them without greater harm, or the lack of another mosque nearby (as in your case), then praying in congregation behind one who is an innovator is better than praying at one’s own at home, lest that lead to him not praying in congregation at all. Leaving the congregation would be an act of the people of innovation, for the prayer is the best of all the people`s deeds. However,...

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Question # 187: Reading Tashahhud from paper

Question # 187: Can you write down the Tashahhud down and hold it in prayer, or you would have to learn it first? Bismi-llahi r-raḥmani r-raḥīm, Assalamu ‘laikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh, All praise and thanks are due to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم). Dear questioner, First of all, we implore Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) to help us serve His cause and render our work for His sake. Shorter Answer: There is no harm to read from a paper during Tashahhud, but it is better to recite from memory, because it brings about Khushu`. Long Answer: There is no harm if someone recites Du`a’ from a paper if they do not memorize any. They may write Du`a’ from a paper and read it at times desirable for answer, such as during or at the end of the night, etc. But, if they can memorize some, it will be better, because they will recite it with an attentive heart and with Khushu` (the heart being submissively attuned to the act of worship). As for reading it during Salah, it is better to recite it from memory and to make it short Du`a’ as much as possible. There is no harm to read from a paper during Tashahhud (a recitation in the sitting position in the second/ last unit of Prayer)...

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