Author: Abu Zeenat Afdal

Question # 204: Reading Stories containing Magic and Fantasy

Question # 204: In many groups Muslims are encouraging others in reading books like Harry Potter in pursuit of learning Arabic and some teacher of Arabic seem to encourage it and use this book as well… What is the guidance in this matter from the light of Quran and Sunnah? Bismi-llahi r-raḥmani r-raḥīm, Assalamu ‘laikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh, All praise and thanks are due to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم). Dear questioner, First of all, we implore Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) to help us serve His cause and render our work for His sake. Shorter Answer: Reading stories that contain magic and fantasy (the like of Harry Potter) are prohibited in Islam as these stories spread acts of sihr (witchcraft) and kufr. Some magicians in such tales are depicted as good and decent people, which is quite dangerous as the readers (in particularly, children) consider it appropriate and acceptable and do not regard magic and its practitioners, as abhorrent. It also poses a greater danger, when the reader might try to put into practice what he/she has read. Although just reading these stories is not kufr which puts one beyond the pale of Islam, Muslims should focus the attention of their children on reading books that are important and beneficial in terms of science, arts and literature. Lastly, everyone...

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Question # 203: Mistake in Salah while praying behind Imam

Question # 203: If I make a mistake while imam is preforming prayer, what shall I do? Bismi-llahi r-raḥmani r-raḥīm, Assalamu ‘laikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh, All praise and thanks are due to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم). Dear questioner, First of all, we implore Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) to help us serve His cause and render our work for His sake. Shorter Answer: If the person praying behind the imam makes a mistake in his prayer and he joins the imam in the first rak’ah, then he does not have to perform the prostration of forgetfulness, because the imam carries it for him. But if we a person makes a mistake that invalidates one of the rak’ahs, (e.g., forgetting to recite al-Faatihah), then in that case he must stand up when the imam says the salaam and repeat the rak’ah perform the prostration of forgetfulness after the salaam. On the other hand, if the person praying behind the imam makes a mistake in his prayer, and he joins the prayer late, then he should do the prostration of forgetfulness whether he made the mistake whilst he was praying with the imam or after he stood up to complete the part of the prayer that he missed. Long Answer: Although the questioner has enquired about the mistake in salah by...

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Question # 202: Unable to pay fidyah (expiation) for not fasting

Question # 202: If a person is very old n can’t keep fast due to illness and he doesn’t have the source to pay fidyah (amount payable in case of not keeping fast due to some illness) so what is Islamic ruling about that person? Bismi-llahi r-raḥmani r-raḥīm, Assalamu ‘laikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh, All praise and thanks are due to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم). Dear questioner, First of all, we implore Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) to help us serve His cause and render our work for His sake. Shorter Answer: If fasting is too difficult for an old person and will cause him/her intense hardship, then he/she is not required to fast, but should feed one poor person for each day. If he/she is also unable to feed a poor person, he/she does not have to do anything because “Allah burdens not a person beyond his scope” (Soorah al-Baqarah, 2:286). Long Answer: Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) says in the Qur’an: “O you who believe! Observing As-Sawm (the fasting) is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become Al-Muttaqoon (the pious).[Observing Sawm (fasts)] for a fixed number of days, but if any of you is ill or on a journey, the same number (should be made up) from other days. And as for...

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Question # 201: Zakat on Savings

Question # 201: Is Zakat applicable on the savings amount accumulated over the years to buy a suitable house for his family? In case if individual doesn’t own any house and started saving some amount from his monthly income for an intention to buy a permanent house for his family, then this savings amount be eligible for Zakat? Bismi-llahi r-raḥmani r-raḥīm, Assalamu ‘laikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh, All praise and thanks are due to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم). Dear questioner, First of all, we implore Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) to help us serve His cause and render our work for His sake. Shorter Answer: If the conditions of zakah being due are met with regard to the saved money, such as it reaching the nisaab (minimum threshold at which zakah becomes due) and one full (hijri) year having passed since it was acquired, then zakah must be paid on it, even if this money is being saved to meet a specific need such as accommodation, education, marriage, maintenance or like. Long Answer: Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allah have mercy on him) [replied to a similar question] in Majmoo’ al-Fataawa: “Wealth that is being saved to get married, to build a home or for other purposes is subject to zakah if it reaches the nisaab and one full year has...

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Question # 200: Forgetting to perform the two prostrations (sajdah as-sahw) of forgetfulness

Question # 200: If I forget to do the 2 prostrations of forgetfulness before I salaam out is there anything legislated for me to do for forgetting? Bismi-llahi r-raḥmani r-raḥīm, Assalamu ‘laikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh, All praise and thanks are due to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم). Dear questioner, First of all, we implore Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) to help us serve His cause and render our work for His sake. Shorter Answer: If a worshipper forgets to do the prostration of forgetfulness and he remembers it after saying the salaam, he should perform it immediately after the salaam, or if long time has passed or he has left the mosque, in which case he does not have to do anything, and his prayer will still be valid. However, if a worshipper deliberately omits the prostration of forgetfulness, then his prayer is invalid, as it is if he has deliberately omitted any obligatory part of the prayer. Long Answer: Imam al-Mirdaawi said in al-Insaaf: The author– Ibn Qudaamah – said that two conditions apply for sujood to be made up later: a) It should be in the mosque; b) A long time should not have passed. This is the right opinion, as he stated. Imam Ahmad said: He should do the sujood if the time that has passed is short,...

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