Question # 13: What is the ruling about Zuhr after Jumu’ah prayer as seen in some part of India?
bismi-llahi r-raḥmani r-raḥīm,
Assalamu ‘laikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh,
All praise and thanks are due to Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم).
First of all, we implore Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) to help us serve His cause and render our work for His sake.
Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) has not prescribed any prayer at noon time on Fridays except one obligatory prayer for men who are residents and are settled (i.e., not traveling), free and accountable, which is Jumu’ah prayer. If the Muslims offer that, then there is no other obligation upon them, be it Dhuhr or any other prayer. There is no evidence to prove that Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم), his companions, and the righteous salaf who came after them, did pray any other obligatory prayer after Jumu’ah. The act referred to in the question was introduced many centuries later, and undoubtedly it is one of the newly-invented innovations (bid’ah). The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said: “Whoever introduces something new in this affair of ours will have it rejected.” (Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim)
The scholars have drawn attention to that, including Shaykh Jamaal al-Deen al-Qaasimi, in his book Islaah al-Masaajid min al-Bida’ wa’l-‘Awaa’id and Shaykh Muhammad Ahmad ‘Abd al-Salaam in his book al-Sunan wa’l-Mubtada’aat. (Majmoo’ Fataawa wa Maqaalaat Mutanawwi’ah li Samaahat al-Shaykh al-‘Allaamah ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn ‘Abd-Allah ibn Baaz)
Allahu A’lam (Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) knows best) and all Perfections belong to Allah, and all mistakes belong to me alone. May Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) forgive me, Ameen.